Understanding Gita – 68

Chapter 4 – JnanaYoga

Shloka 1 – 3

TEXT 1

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

ima vivasvate yoga
proktavān aham avyayam
vivasvān manave prāha
manur ikvākave ‘bravīt

SYNONYMS

śrī bhagavān uvācathe Supreme Personality of Godhead said; imamthis; vivasvateunto the sun-god; yogamthe science of one’s relationship to the Supreme; proktavāninstructed; ahamI; avyayamimperishable; vivasvānVivasvān (the sun-god’s name); manaveunto the father of mankind (of the name Vaivasvata); prāhatold; manuthe father of mankind; ikvākaveunto King Ikvāku; abravītsaid.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Sri Krishna said, this imperishable yoga was instructed to Vivasvata(Sun God) by Me. Vivasvata told Manu, and Manu told Ikshvaku.

This knowledge which is indestructible was first told to Sun god by the Lord himself. Sun God told this to Manu, the father of the mankind. Manu told this to Ikshvaku, the ruler of the Earth. So this knowledge has been there for a very very long time. 

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TEXT 2

eva paramparā-prāptam
ima rājarayo vidu
sa kāleneha mahatā
yogo naṣṭa parantapa

SYNONYMS

evamthus; paramparādisciplic succession; prāptamreceived; imamthis science; rājarayathe saintly kings; viduunderstood; sathat knowledge; kālenain the course of time; ihain this world; mahatāby great; yogathe science of one’s relationship with the Supreme; naṣṭascattered; parantapaO Arjuna, subduer of the enemies.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

This knowledge received from the disciplic succession was understood by the saintly kings. This great knowledge over the course of time, has been destroyed, O Parantapa(destroyer of enemy).

Edited to add: This knowledge was passed down from one generation to another from Guru to student.  And it was understood and implemented by all. However over the course of time, values degraded and people started falling out of dharma, and the knowledge was destroyed.

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TEXT 3

sa evāya mayā te ‘dya
yoga prokta purātana
bhakto ‘si me sakhā ceti
rahasya hy etad uttamam

SYNONYMS

sathe same ancient; evacertainly; ayamthis; mayāby Me; teunto you; adyatoday; yogathe science of yoga; proktaspoken; purātanavery old; bhaktadevotee; asiyou are; me—My; sakhāfriend; caalso; ititherefore; rahasyammystery; hicertainly; etatthis; uttamamtranscendental.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

This same ancient yoga(knowledge) is delivered by Me unto you today. You are my devotee as well as my friend, therefore understand this as it is a superior mystery.

Arjuna was a great devotee as well as a friend of Sri Krishna. This made him eligible to receive this great knowledge.

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