Understanding Gita – 63

Chapter 3 – Karma Yoga

Shloka 33 – 34


sadśa ceṣṭate svasyā
prakter jñānavān api
prakti yānti bhūtāni
nigraha ki kariyati


sadśamaccordingly; ceṣṭatetries; svasyāin one’s own nature; praktemodes; jñānavānthe learned; apialthough; praktimnature; yāntiundergo; bhūtāni—all living entities; nigrahasuppression; kimwhat; kariyatican do.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Even the learned acts according to his own nature, for all beings follow their nature, what can suppression do?

In the previous verses Lord said what will happen to people who follow his injunctions and what will happen to those who don’t follow. Here he is saying why it is difficult to follow his injunctions even though one wants to.

All beings act according to their own nature, which is made up of 3 gunas(satwa, rajas, tamas). Even the knowledgable is not free from this pull.

If my constituency is mainly rajasic, I am always action oriented. If I am tamasic, I will lean towards inaction and dullness. I am bound by my nature. When that is the case, what can suppression achieve?



rāga-dveau vyavasthitau
tayor na vaśam āgacchet
tau hy asya paripanthinau


indriyasyaof the senses; indriyasya arthein the sense objects; rāgaattachment; dveaualso in detachment; vyavasthitauput under regulations; tayoof them; nanever; vaśamcontrol; āgacchetone should come; tauthose; hicertainly are; asyahis; paripanthinaustumbling blocks.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Senses will be situated in their sense objects with attachment and aversion. One should never come under their control, those are one’s stumbling blocks.

If one is under the influence of his nature, then what is one supposed to do?

Indriyas are always situated in their subjects by either attachment or aversion, depending upon the person’s constituency(satwa-rajas-tamas). For eg: Tongue is always behind likes and dislikes. I like this food, I hate this food. So no matter what one likes or dislikes, one should eat whatever is presented to him. When you are doing that, you’re overriding your indriyas. This way you can take control of your senses.

One should control this feelings of likes and dislikes, as these raaga-dvesha are the stumbling blocks for one’s spiritual growth.

Divya: Attachment towards family makes us want to live more, detachment towards them makes us want to run away(seek liberation). Even running after moksha is a desire. Our job is to meditate upon Him, and receive whatever comes our way without likes and dislikes.

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