Understanding Gita – 52

Chapter 3 – Karma Yoga

Shloka 11 – 12

TEXT 11

devān bhāvayatānena
te devā bhāvayantu va
paraspara bhāvayanta
śreya param avāpsyatha

SYNONYMS

devāndemigods; bhāvayatahaving been pleased; anenaby this sacrifice; tethose; devāthe demigods; bhāvayantuwill please; vayou; parasparammutual; bhāvayantapleasing one another; sreyabenediction; paramthe supreme; avāpsyathado you achieve.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Devatas having been pleased by this yajna(service to them and Lord), will please you. By mutually pleasing one another like this, you will achieve The Supreme.

In the beginning of creation, Lord instructed his ‘praja’ to perform yajnas. In this Shloka, Lord is saying what will happen when you perform yajna. When you perform yajna devatas will be pleased. In turn they will please you. By this mutual taking care of one another, you can achieve paramatma.

One cannot think of God, if his basic needs (like food, rain etc) are not taken care of… A hungry person will think of getting food first, a farmer will worry about the rain first, a poor person will think of establishing himself first. If one does yajna, their needs are taken care of by the Devatas and then one can involve themselves more towards God.

*********

TEXT 12

iṣṭān bhogān hi vo devā
dāsyante yajña-bhāvitā
tair dattān apradāyaibhyo
yo bhukte stena eva sa

SYNONYMS

iṣṭāndesired; bhogānnecessities of life; hicertainly; vaunto you; devāthe demigods; dāsyanteaward; yajñabhāvitābeing satisfied by the performance of sacrifices; taiby them; dattānthings given; apradāya—without offering; ebhyato the demigods; yahe who; bhukteenjoys; stenathief; evacertainly; sais he.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Being satisfied by the yajna, Devatas will award the desired bhogas(enjoyments). But he who enjoys the things given by them without offering them is certainly a thief.

But one cannot just accept things without offering anything back to the Devatas. Give and take is mutual here. One should engage themselves more in yajna. If you are just enjoying the material benefits then you are a thief.

Yajna here is offering to God. Just pray to God before doing anything.

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