Understanding Gita – 46

Second Chapter – Sankhya Yoga

Shloka 71-72

TEXT 71

vihāya kāmān ya sarvān
pumāś carati nispha
nirmamo nirahakāra
sa śāntim adhigacchati

SYNONYMS

vihāyaafter giving up; kāmānall material desires for sense gratification; yathe person; sarvānall; pumāna person; caratilives; nihpha —desireless; nirmamawithout a sense of proprietorship; nirahakārawithout false ego; saall; śāntimperfect peace; adhigacchatiattains.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Giving up all his material desires, a person lives without any interest in material things, desire-less, without mamakaara(something belongs to me, ownership), without false ego, he can attain peace.

How to attain peace is concluded in this verse. By not wanting to own something all the time, not having any desire towards enjoying and acquiring things, nor being overly attached to something one already owns, and letting go of the false ego(reacting to praise and criticism).

*********

TEXT 72

eā brāhmī sthiti pārtha
nainā prāpya vimuhyati
sthitvāsyām anta-kāle ‘pi
brahma-nirvāam cchati

SYNONYMS

eāthis; brāhmīspiritual; sthitisituation; pārtha—O son of Pthā; nanever; enāmthis; prāpyaachieving; vimuhyatibewilders; sthitvābeing so situated; asyāmbeing so; antakāleat the end of life; apialso; brahmanirvāamspiritual (kingdom of God); cchatiattains.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

This brahmi state is never lost once you achieve it. Being so situated in this state even at the time of death one attains nirvana(moksha). 

If one attains this state of peacefulness, he will never detour from this state. Till the last moment in one’s life, if one is able to attain peace by letting go of desires, mamakaara(attachment) and ahankaara(false pride), he will attain nirvana(become one with God).

So one should strive to let go of all the above things to attain peace and hence nirvana.

This concludes Second Chapter.

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