Understanding Gita – 45

Second Chapter – Sankhya Yoga

Shloka 69-70


yā niśā sarva-bhūtānā
tasyā jāgarti sayamī
yasyā jāgrati bhūtāni
sā niśā paśyato mune


what; niśāis night; sarvaall; bhūtānāmof living entities; tasyāmin that; jāgartiwakeful; sayamīthe self-controlled; yasyāmin which; jāgratiawake; bhūtāniall beings; that is; niśānight; paśyatafor the introspective; munesage.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

What is night for all beings, that is wakeful for the self-controlled. What is wakefulness for all beings, that is night for the seeing sage.

Where all beings, who are running behind their senses, are not even bothered to look(darkness for them), there the self controlled person is paying attention.

Where all beings are paying attention(for material desires), a sage(self controlled person) is not even looking, even though he is seeing.

Even when his eyes are open, he is paying attention in controlling it rather than paying attention on what he is looking.



āpūryamāam acala-pratiṣṭha
samudram āpa praviśanti yadvat
tadvat kāmā ya praviśanti sarve
sa śāntim āpnoti na kāma-kāmī


āpūryamāamalways filled; acalapratiṣṭhamsteadily situated; samudramthe ocean; āpawater; praviśantienter; yadvatas; tadvatso; kāmādesires; yamunto one; praviśantienter; sarveall; sathat person; śāntimpeace; āpnotiachieves; nanot; kāmakāmīone who desires to fulfill desires.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

As an ocean is ever being filled but always steady even though water(from the river) enters into it all the time, similarly the one is able to remain in peace even though desire enters into him all the time can alone achieve peace of mind, not the one person who wants to fulfill desires.

How many ever rivers enter the sea, the sea level is not disturbed.

Similarly how much ever desire enters into a person, if he manages to stay calm and not get agitated, he alone can achieve peace of mind. A person running behind his desires will never achieve peace of mind.

Also, even when your mind is steady, it doesn’t mean that you are not getting any desire. It might come. But the only difference now is that it is not disturbing you anymore.

In summary, Sri Krishna is saying desire fulfillment can never bring you peace.


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