Understanding Gita – 42

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga

Shloka 62-64


dhyāyato viayān pusa
sagas teūpajāyate
sagāt sañjāyate kāma
kāmāt krodho ‘bhijāyate


dhyayatawhile contemplating; viayānsense objects; pusaof the person; sagaattachment; teuin the sense objects; upajāyatedevelops; sagātattachment; sañjāyatedevelops; kāmadesire; kāmātfrom desire; krodhaanger; abhijāyatebecomes manifest.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

A person while contemplating sense objects, develops attachment in the sense objects. From attachment develops desire and from desire comes anger.

So far Sri Krishna told how to keep your senses in control by focusing on Him. In these two shlokas The Lord tells what happens when you indulge in the senses.



krodhād bhavati sammoha
sammohāt smti-vibhrama
smti-bhraśād buddhi-nāśo
buddhi-nāśāt praaśyati


krodhātfrom anger; bhavatitakes place; samohaperfect illusion; samohātfrom illusion; smtiof memory; vibhramabewilderment; smtibhraśātafter bewilderment of memory; buddhināśaloss of intelligence; buddhināśātand from loss of intelligence; praaśyatifalls down.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

From anger comes delusion, from delusion goes your memory, from bewilderment of memory goes your intelligence. From loss of intelligence, comes the fall of a person.

This is the sequence of what can happen,

Contemplation of sense objects(thinking about sense objects) –> attachment towards that –> desire –> anger –> delusion –> memory bewilderment –> loss of intelligence –> the person falls down.

Take for example –

Eyes are looking at a beautiful girl –> attachment towards her –> desire to have her –> anger associated with either not having her or losing her –> I need to have her at any cost(not thinking straight) –> don’t know what is right and what is wrong anymore(memory bewildered) –> act without thinking(loss of intelligence) –> then person falls down – becomes a “bevda” 😀



rāga-dvea-vimuktais tu
viayān indriyaiś caran
ātma-vaśyair vidheyātmā
prasādam adhigacchati


rāgaattachment; dvea—detachment; vimuktaiby one who has been free from such things; tubut; viayānsense objects; indriyaiby the senses; caranacting; ātmavaśyaione who has control over; vidheyātmā—one who follows regulated freedom; prasādamthe mercy of the Lord; adhigacchatiattains.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

But the person free from raaga-dvesha(attachment and aversion), acting with the regulated freedom by controlling the senses from the sense objects, will attain the mercy of Lord.

Instead of indulging in the senses, if a person acts giving only regulated freedom to his senses, and has no attachment or aversion towards anything, then he will attain complete mercy of the Lord.

Attachment and aversion are related in the sense that an outside parameter is creating that sensation in you and hence controlling you. You need to control your mind(and senses), by giving it only little freedom. Take from the above example of looking at a girl, if you stop your thought right then and there, like I look at a beautiful girl –> STOP, end of story; if you start controlling your indriyas like that, then you will attain the mercy of Lord.

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