Understanding Gita – 41

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga


yatato hy api kaunteya
puruasya vipaścita
indriyāi pramāthīni
haranti prasabha mana


yatatawhile endeavoring; hicertainly; apiin spite of; kaunteyaO son of Kuntī; puruasyaof the man; vipaścitafull of discriminating knowledge; indriyāithe senses; pramāthīnistimulated; harantithrows forcefully; prasabhaby force; manathe mind.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

O Kaunteya, the stimulation of the Indriyas(senses) will forcibly carry away the mind of a person with full discrimination, who is endeavoring to control them.

Here Sri Krishna tells Arjuna that it is not easy to control the senses. Even a person, who is discriminating, and who is trying hard to control his senses, will be robbed of his mind because of the stimulations of the Indriyas. 

A diabetic person, very well knowing that sweets are not good for him, will still go towards it, ignoring his health. So basically, one should understand that the pull of senses towards sense objects is very hard.



tāni sarvāi sayamya
yukta āsīta mat-para
vaśe hi yasyendriyāi
tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā


tānithose senses; sarvāiall; sayamyakeeping under control; yuktabeing engaged; āsītabeing so situated; matpara—in relationship with Me; vaśein full subjugation; hicertainly; yasyaone whose; indriyāisenses; tasyahis; prajñāconsciousness; pratiṣṭhitāfixed.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Keeping all those senses under control, situated in me, one who subdues all his indriyas(senses), his prajna(consciousness) is fixed in me.

If one still keeps his senses under control(despite the pull), by being fixated upon me, then he is sthitha-prajna.

Continuing from the previous thought –

Even though controlling the mind is difficult, one should understand that and fix his mind(and senses) upon Lord, and subdue his senses.

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