Understanding Gita – 39

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga

TEXT 56

dukhev anudvigna-manā
sukheu vigata-spha
vīta-rāga-bhaya-krodha
sthita-dhīr munir ucyate

SYNONYMS

dukheu—in the threefold miseries; anudvignamanāwithout being agitated in mind; sukheuin happiness; vigatasphawithout being too interested; vītafree from; rāgaattachment; bhayafear; krodhaanger; sthitadhīone who is steady; munisage; ucyateis called.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

One is not agitated in the misery, and the one who is not too interested in the happiness; and the one who is free from raga-bhaya-kroda (attachment, fear, anger), and the one who is thus steady in mind is called a sage. 

When does the mind get disturbed? – when you are attached, afraid, or angry.

How do you get attached? – When something is yours and you don’t want to lose it.

How do you get scared? – When you think that something of yours can be taken away

How do you get angry? – When your wishes are not fulfilled.

When are you happy? – When you gain something

When are you sad? – When you lose something

If you don’t get affected through all these things, then you’ll be called sthitah-prajna.

*********

TEXT 57

ya sarvatrānabhisnehas
tat tat prāpya śubhāśubham
nābhinandati na dveṣṭi
tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā

SYNONYMS

yaone who; sarvatraeverywhere; anabhisnehawithout affection; tatthat; tatthat; prāpyaachieving; śubhagood; aśubhamevil; nanever; abhinandatiprays; nanever; dveṣṭienvies; tasyahis; prajñāperfect knowledge; pratiṣṭhitafixed.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

One who is not affected, by obtaining good or evil,  never praises, never envies, his mind is fixed in perfect knowledge. 

Continuing from the previous verse –

A sthitah parjna is not happy when he is in sukha, nor sad in dukha. He is free from raaga-bhaya-krodha. He is also not affected by achieving good or bad.  He will never praise nor envies anybody. He is in perfect knowledge.

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