Understanding Gita 38

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga

Shloka 54-55


arjuna uvāca

sthita-prajñasya kā bhāā
samādhi-sthasya keśava
sthita-dhī ki prabhāeta
kim āsīta vrajeta kim


arjuna uvācaArjuna said; sthitaprajñasyaof one who is situated in fixed Kṛṣṇa consciousness; what; bhāālanguage; samādhisthasyaof one situated in trance; keśava—O Kṛṣṇa; sthitadhīone fixed in Kṛṣṇa consciousness; kimwhat; prabhāetaspeak; kimhow; āsītadoes remain; vrajetawalk; kimhow.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Arjuna Uvacha –

One who is sthitha-prajna, and who is in samadhi, what are his qualities, O Keshava! What will he speak? how does he sit? how does he walk?

Arjuna so far heard Krishna talk about how to be sthitha prajna(unwavering mind), and how to be in Samadhi(one with God). Since he wanted to be one, he is asking the Lord the characteristics of a Sthitha-prajna, how does he walk, how does he talk, how he sits?

When you know the characteristics of such a person, you can at least imitate them.



śrī-bhagavān uvāca

prajahāti yadā kāmān
sarvān pārtha mano-gatān
ātmany evātmanā tuṣṭa
sthita-prajñas tadocyate


śrī bhagavān uvācathe Supreme Personality of Godhead said; prajahāti—gives up; yadāwhen; kāmāndesires for sense gratification; sarvānof all varieties; pārtha—O son of Pthā; managatānof mental concoction; ātmaniin the pure state of the soul; evacertainly; ātmanāby the purified mind; tuṣṭasatisfied; sthitaprajñatranscendentally situated; tadāat that time; ucyateis said.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Sri Bhagavan Uvacha –

O Partha! The one who gives up all his desires from his mind, and the one is satisfied in his own nature is called Sthitah Parjna.

How can one achieve Sthitha Prajna(unwavering mind)? The first and foremost thing to do is let go of all desires. Our mind is always after acquiring possessions or in maintaining them. If you let go of that and when you are satisfied in your own self, then you are called Stitha-Prajna.

What is satisfied in oneself mean? When you are okay with whatever you have and whatever you get, then you don’t waste your energy running behind things. That is satisfaction. There is no end to desire. When you are living in an one-bedroom apartment, you would want to live in a bigger apartment. When you are living in a three bedroom house you would like to move to a 4 bedroom house. The one living in a 4 bedroom, would want to live in a mansion. The one living in mansion is worrying about maintaining it or losing it. There is no end to this. Instead if you let go of your desire, and be happy with whatever you have, then you can get that satisfaction right now.

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