Understanding Gita 31

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga

Shloka 41-44

TEXT 41
vyavasāyātmikā buddhir
ekeha kuru-nandana
bahu-śākhā hy anantāś ca
buddhayo ‘vyavasāyinām

SYNONYMS

vyavasāyātmikāresolute Kṛṣṇa consciousness; buddhiintelligence; ekāonly one; ihain this world; kurunandana—O beloved child of the Kurus; bahuśākhāvarious branches; hiindeed; anantāunlimited; caalso; buddhayaintelligence; avyavasāyināmof those who are not in Kṛṣṇa consciousness.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Here you will have a resolute buddhih(mind), having only one aim in this world. Those who are not following this will have their intellect divided into various unlimited branches.

One who is working in this manner(in Karma Yoga) will be resolute in his mind, having only one purpose.  But the one who is not working in this manner, will have his intellect branched  in unlimited ways and his mind would be wavering here and there into many thoughts.

*********

TEXTS 42-43-44

yām imā pupitā vāca
pravadanty avipaścita
veda-vāda-ratā pārtha
nānyad astīti vādina

***

kāmātmāna svarga-parā
janma-karma-phala-pradām
kriyā-viśea-bahulā
bhogaiśvarya-gati prati

***

bhogaiśvarya-prasaktānā
tayāpahta-cetasām
vyavasāyātmikā buddhi
samādhau na vidhīyate

SYNONYMS

yām imāmall these; pupitāmflowery; vācamwords; pravadantisay; avipaścitamen with a poor fund of knowledge; vedavādaratāsupposed followers of the Vedas; pārtha—O son of Pthā; nanever; anyatanything else; astithere is; itithis; vādinaadvocates;

kāmaātmānadesirous of sense gratification; svargaparāaiming to achieve heavenly planets; janmakarmaphalapradāmresulting in fruitive action, good birth, etc.; kriyāviśeapompous ceremonies; bahulāmvarious; bhogasense enjoyment; aiśvaryaopulence; gatimprogress; pratitowards.

bhogamaterial enjoyment; aiśvaryaopulence; prasaktānāmthose who are so attached; tayāby such things; apahtacetasāmbewildered in mind; vyavasāyātmikāfixed determination; buddhidevotional service of the Lord; samādhauin the controlled mind; nanever; vidhīyatedoes take place.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Men with small knowledge say these flowery words of Veda, advocates that there is nothing more than the following and they aim towards these –

Sense gratification, aiming for heaven, resulting in good birth, good action, special ceremonies, sense enjoyments, opulence .

Those who are thus attached to bhoga-aishwarya(enjoyments of senses and richness), will have their mind robbed(from the absolute)and in their mind resolute determination for the devotional service of lord can never take place.

Men who read Veda, get carried away by these flowery words(or they preach these flowery words), and they focus on the material benefits one can get form the Vedas like swarga, opulance, good birth, good karma, etc. and they say there is nothing more than this. And those who are thus attached to the bhoga-aishwarya(material benefits and enjoyment) part of Vedas will have bewildered mind and they cannot focus their mind on the devotional service to Lord.

Reading/Chanting Vedas has material benefits also. But one should not focus on them, but rather fix their mind on the Lord!

Question: Mind always wanders towards material benefits. How to get it into devotion towards Lord?

Divya: By knowledge.. You have desire, you go after something, either you get it or you don’t get it. If you get it, you go after another thing and your whole life is gone chasing desires. Then again next birth, same story. Also consider the means that you undertook to get something = more karma. On top of that, for the things you didn’t get, there is more hankering, hence a negative karma attached(like for example, you desire something and you don’t get it, you may engage in an adharmic activity to get it, your anger may increase, you may start feeling unlucky..etc). So not only you wasted a janma, but you also got entangled in your own karma even more. So the next life is going to be even more difficult..

So by this knowledge, and by observing others who are at various stages of their desire level, you should see the futility of going behind material benefits.

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