Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga
na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin
na—never; jāyate—takes birth; mriyate—never dies; vā—either; kadācit—at any time (past, present or future); na—never; ayam—this; bhūtvā—came into being; bhavitā—will come to be; vā—or; na—not; bhūyaḥ—or has come to be; ajaḥ—unborn; nityaḥ—eternal; śāśvataḥ—permanent; ayam—this; purāṇaḥ—the oldest; na—never; hanyate—is killed; hanyamāne—being killed; śarīre—by the body.
Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg”
Soul can never take birth or die at any time. Never has he come into being, will never be, or never will come to be. He is eternal(nityah), permanent(shashvath) and puranah(ancient). He doesn’t die when the body dies.
We were always there. We are ancient, eternal, and permanent. There was never a time when we were not there, nor will there be ever a time when we are not going to be. We never died or were never born. It is the body that takes birth and dies.
Divya said that the moment we set foot on this earth, we forget everything. Hence we don’t remember that we existed before.
It is very hard to digest the concept of no beginning and no end. We have to come from something. How to envision that we were always there, and will always be there?
How to think of myself as not this body?
What is me actually? – I am this body plus something which I identify as soul/consciousness.
It is hard to see myself beyond this body. When I get cut, I am in pain. I cannot think ‘Oh, I am not this body, hence I won’t worry’.
May be as the Lord said in the previous verses, we should just believe(from the observation of seers) that this unchanging aspect in “me” never dies and learn to tolerate pain and pleasure thinking of them as temporary.