Understanding Gita – 16

Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga


nāsato vidyate bhāvo
nābhāvo vidyate sata
ubhayor api dṛṣṭo ‘ntas
tv anayos tattva-darśibhi


nanever; asataof the nonexistent; vidyatethere is; bhāvaendurance; nanever; abhāvachanging quality; vidyatethere is; sataof the eternal; ubhayoof the two; apiverily; dṛṣṭaobserved; antaconclusion; tubut; anayoof them; tattvatruth; darśibhiby the seers.

Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg

Seers have concluded by observing both, that for the asatah(non existent body) there is no endurance, and for the Satah(eternal soul) there is no change.

Lord is saying even seers, who have observed the nature of both body and soul, have authenticated that the transient nature of the mind/body has no existence, while the soul is indestructible. 

These days the trend is to say all the Hindu customs have some “scientific significance”. We don’t know for ourselves, we haven’t explored or experienced them, yet we believe it to be true because we put our faith on some scientist who has proven it somewhere.

Similarly believe that the transient nature of the body/mind is non-existent while the soul is indestructible, because seers(who have observed this) have concluded that. So have faith in the seers and just believe it to be true.

Continuing the thought form the previous verses – the changing qualities like sukha-dukha, sheeta-ushna(hot-cold) are transient, hence they are non-existent. So learn to bear them(thinking these are not existent). While knowing that the unchanging atma(soul), which is not subjected to kaumaram-yavvanam-jara(infant-youth-old age) is never changing, hence eternal.

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