Second episode/adhyaya – Sankhya yoga
mātrā-sparśās tu kaunteya
mātrā—sensuous; sparśāḥ—perception; tu—only; kaunteya—O son of Kuntī; śīta—winter; uṣṇa—summer; sukha—happiness; duḥkha–daḥ—giving pain; āgama—appearing; apāyinaḥ—disappearing; anityāḥ—nonpermanent; tān—all of them; titikṣasva—just try to tolerate; bhārata—O descendant of the Bhārata dynasty.
Text Source – “http://prabhupadabooks.com/bg”
These happiness, sorrow are perceptions of sense organs. They are like winter and summer. They are non permanent, they come and go. Just try to tolerate them O descendent of Bharata.
When it’s too hot or cold, what do we do?
turn on the AC/heater..
If the power goes off, what then?
complain?! (kidding 🙂 )
We tolerate. Just like that we need to learn to tolerate sukha(happiness) and dukha(sorrow). They also come and go. They are perceptions of the mind.
Remember some sorrow that devastated you in the past. What happened later? You survived somehow, you overcame somehow, you still continue to live.. So is Sukha. The happiest of happiest moment in your life came, made you happy and then it passed…
Continuing thought from the previous verse – it’s the association and relationships we lament. So sukha-dukha that we feel at gains and losses are passing and hence they are supposed to be tolerated.
Question is how to tolerate? It is easy to remind ourselves not to get carried away in happiness, what about sorrow? Probably we should remind ourselves again and again – “this too shall pass”…
Easier said than done.